UPDATE : You know when the mid-tier academics start to give up and throw in the towel, this battle is over. Here there are broad concessions that science has been nearly 180 degrees of the truth for over a century.
Fully formed Neanderthals at least 600,000 years old
What has these fakes sh*tting their pants is the possibility that the "red ochre" they are finding is simply rust left over from iron weapons smelted in their famous kilns.
When you hear that "Africans" used "red ochre" you should know that such use continues in Africa today. Africans see some red dust falling out of a cliff face. They rub it in the mud and make blood colored paint they smear on their bodies. This is how they were "using" red ochre 200,000 years ago and this is how they will be "using" it 200,000 years from now, I assure you.
When they find it in Neanderthal camps, they are sweating bullets and trying to come up with all kinds of wild explanations for it because they don't want to mention this "red ochre" might also be rust.
More importantly, this "red ochre" is a common find at monolithic structures all over the world, which suggests that melonheads might have either learned how to forge iron tools from the Neanderthal or vice versa. Either way, the "iron age" may have begun a million years ago (or more), not 1200 years ago. It is entirely plausible that Neanderthals may have been smelting iron without knowing exactly how to cast bronze. This happened in South and North America where people went straight from stone tools to iron with no bronze age at all.
The evidence says that Neanderthals liked to do things with kilns. They liked to stick different stuff in there, cook it and compress it at different temperatures and then see what they could make out of it. If you imagine all the kinds of things you can discover playing around with sealed ovens you will realize that iron casting is only one of several things you might stumble onto. The Neanderthals were different in that they had a powerful curiosity and enthusiasm for the world that is largely lacking in Homo Sapiens. They would have discovered many things out of simple playfulness and pure nerd inquisitiveness. It appears they did a lot of things for no other reason than a burning desire to find out what would happen. This is probably what drove the Solutreans to North America. Each year when seal hunting it is possible they just ached to see what was beyond the previous point they had attained, wandering along the edge of the ice pack. What they did with a bunch of guys on a regular basis by the seat of their pants, took a huge infrastructure project funded by the Spanish government backing Columbus and an armada of three gigantic ships in 1492. That may or may not explain why the entire continent is covered with mounds of indeterminate origin.
Illustrates the great difference between the two races. Neanderthals were full of courage both as a group and as individuals. They had a certain happy-go-lucky quality driven by a deep need to understand. We call them "rodeo clowns" to paint them as reckless because human vanity is insufficient to concede these guys were gutsy in a way Homo Sapiens will never be.
P.S. If Neanderthals were descended from Homo Heidelbergensis then why did they specialize in kicking the crap out of these ape-like creatures? Why would Neanderthals do Grandpa like that? Whenever the two species ran into each other, the Neanderthals folded them up like accordions for easy storage, in some cases shoving their heads into their own ribcages. Anthropologists who have found these battle sites have always pointed out that Neanderthals hated Bigfoot and treated them with less respect than animals they hunted. The great irony is that Heidelbergensis would turn out to be the superior race and beat all the others 400,000 years later, when immigration would provide them with free housing, medical care and jobs all at taxpayer expense after importing them into their own living space as a new and specially protected social class. That means Heidelbergensis is the true, final winnarz over Neanderthal and Homo Sapiens. Hahahahaha! Bruddas be gettin' over like a muttafudda! Even melonheads never be livin' dis large'n shheeeeeeiiiiitttttttttt! Hahahaha! Pass de crack pipe! Whatnot and what-have-you! Yassum.